Here are some of the most notable facts about dogs for kids including dogs diet, behavior, physical characteristics, and attributes. The domestic dog is a member of the family Canidae and is a subspecies of gray wolf with the order of Carnivora. The terms ‘domestic dog’ includes both feral and domesticated. It’s a belief that dogs might have been the first animals to be treated for domesticating purposes and is extensively held as a companion, pet, look after the domestic cattle, for hunting and working. The female dog is called bitch. The markings on the dog’s body are believed to have been evolved from gray wolves some 15,000 years ago. Scientists have discovered the remains of domesticated dogs in Belgium and Siberia that are 33,000 years old. In the primitive times, dogs became popular as hunters among humans.
There are a good many number of roles that these animals perform including pulling loads, helping out police, companionship, as pets, protection, military, hunting, herding, and supporting disabled individuals. The population of dogs was 400 million in 2001 across the world. The height of the withers ranges from 6 inches (150 mm) to about 2.5 feet (0.76 m). They have come in different colors such as white, brown, black, red tan and chocolate brown. Some species have long hair as compared to others.
Interesting Facts about Dogs For Kids
- Human intervention gave rise to hundreds of other breeds because of selective breeding. Every dog breed has its own behavioral characteristics which are based on sensory, capabilities, agility, and physical appearance. There is a significant variation in the modern dogs breed as compared to the domestic dog.
- Dogs, like other predatory mammals, are strong and powerful to take down their prey.
- Depending entirely on species, dogs differ considerably in size and length. The smallest of all the dogs is called Yorkshire Terrier, that has the shoulder height of 6.3 cm (2.5 inches), and the length of 9.5 cm (3.7 inches), while the weight is 113 grams (4.0 oz).
- English Mastiff is the largest dog, and it weighs around 155.5 kg (343 lb), with the length of 250 cm (98 inches).
- The tallest dog is Great Dane that stood 106.7 cm (42.0) from the shoulder.
- Dogs are dichromats and they are less prone to grey color differences which humans and also can identify the brightness in about half the precision of humans.
- Since they have evolved an exceptional sight, dogs are one of the best when it comes to hunting.
- They are capable to distinguish their owner at a distance of about 800 – 900 meters.
- Under low-light conditions dogs employ their visionary sense to perform tasks.
- The dogs can within the range of 40 Hz to 60,000 Hz, which is way above the humans hearing capacity. With help of their ears, dogs can locate the accurate position of the object generating sound. Besides, they are adept to identify sound location much faster in comparison to the humans.
- They have an incredible sense of smell. Dogs reflect an olfactory sense that ranges from 100 to 1,000,000 times more susceptible than humans. These mammals have always wet nose which is essential for identifying the air current surrounding smell.
- The domestic dogs have traces of countershading that makes them camouflage naturally.
- Every dog has its own style of tail such as some have straight up, curled, and cork-screw tail. The hunting dog’s tail is docked to avoid any anticipated injury.
- In general, all dogs are related so far as their physical characteristics are concerned.
- These mammals can cause several diseases, poisons, and ailments. All these are dangerous to humans.
- The lifespan of these animals differ considerably but for the most part dogs survive up to 10 – 13 years.
- Dogue de Bordeaux is the breed that has the shortest lifespan of about 5 – 6 years.
- The longest lives dog breed was Bluey who died at the age of almost 30 years in 1939. Other breeds that are known to live longer lifespan include Japanese Spitz, Tibetan Spaniels, Toy Poodles, and Border Terriers.
Dogs for the most part are carnivores even though some breeds are exclusively omnivores. They have flexible diet and are not restricted to a specific diet. They do not prefer to eat high level of protein to execute their fundamental dietary plans. They can be fed with vegetables, and grains. However there are some that are unhygienic to the dog’s health such as chocolate, garlic, grapes, raisins, and macadamia nuts.
Dogs become mature at the age of 6 to 12 months and this applies to both males and females. Some other breeds turn out to be mature at the age of 2 years. The average litter size comprises 6 puppies.