What Do Tigers Eat | Tigers Diet

Do you know what do tigers eat? Through this article you may extend your understanding towards the diet of this furious animal. Tigers were present formerly throughout Asia and extending toward Russia. The study of tigers shows that these wild cats have lost more than 90% of their habitats ranging from Bali, Java and Southeast Asia. Presently, Siberian tigers are known to reside in mangrove swamps and open grasslands. The total population of tigers is estimated to be 3,062 to 3,948. However, due to the habitat destruction and human encroachment, the population has been dramatically reduced over the years. These cats occupy a range of 1,184,911 km2 (457,497 sq mi).

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What Do Tigers Eat

For the reason that tigers are massively muscled, they used to bring down medium as well as large-sized animals including gaur, chital, deer, sambar, nilgai, barasingha, wild boar, water buffalo, domestic buffalo, and several other animals. These animals regularly prey in India. Though occasionally, wild cats also feed on sloth bears, leopards and crocodiles. Conservationists have gone through incidences where tigers come into direct conflict with brown bears; however, this is an exception rather than the daily chore of tigers.

Tigers primarily hunt musk deer, moose, roe deer, sika deer, Manchurian wapiti, and pythons in Siberia. Tigers residing in this part of the land are known as Siberian tigers. Sumatran tigers also feed on Malayan tapir, sambar, muntjac, serow, takin, gray langur, jackals, dholes, sloth bears, foxes, hog deer, yak, camels, monkeys, hares, fish, fowls, crustaceans, and saiga antelope. The opportunistic nature of tigers does not allow them to restrict their diet to few animals.

Read More: What Do Malayan Tigers Eat?

Tigers have not an extraordinary success in hunting with the ratio of only 5 out of 50%. The marginal of error is too low and they have to get on with their attack since any mistake or hesitation may result in a severe injury. Once injured, tigers cannot hunt which means that they’ve to starve.


These big cats are also known to take on few Rhinoceros but this incident is occasionally notable. Among domestic animals, tigers prey on dogs, donkeys, horses and cows. They are nocturnal by nature which means most of the hunting takes place during night or at dusk. Tigers eat vegetation, but occasionally. They are fully capable to reach a speed of about 49 – 65 km/h (35 – 40 mph), although they can do so in short bursts.

Read More: Top 9 Siberian Tiger Attacks on Humans

What Do Bengal Tigers Eat

(What Do Tigers Eat)

Like other big cats, Bengal tigers are carnivorous and they primarily rely on large ungulates including gaur, sambar, chital, with rare preference to nilgai, takin, barasingha, serow, and water buffalo. So far as the medium-sized prey is concerned, these cats prey on wild boar, muntjac, Gray langur, and hog deer.

Read More: Siberian Tiger vs Bengal Tiger

Bengal tigers also consume small species such as peafowl, hares, and porcupines. Due to the human encroachment into their habitat, they also kill domestic livestock. Tigers are known to take on their prey either from the side or from rear and they try to approach them as close as possible without making any notable sounds. The first attack is on the throat and the carcass is dragged into the cover, to eat it finally. Bengal tigers are renowned for consuming 18 – 40 kg (40 – 88 lb) of meat in one go.

These cats also prey on other potential predators including wolves, foxes, sloth bears, dholes, crocodiles, jackals, leopards and Asiatic black bears. However, these predators do not form an essential part of their diet. According to some, young elephants and rhinos have also been killed by Bengal tigers but it rarely occurred. At times, when food is not abundant, they have been known to attack humans.

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What Do Siberian Tigers Eat

(What Do Tigers Eat)

Siberian tigers generally prey on hares, rabbits, pikas, salmon, musk deer, goral, and Manchurian wapiti. These types of cats travel great distances of 1,000 km(620 miles) that smudges the exchange limit over ecologically unbroken country. In 1992-93, the total population of these predators was recorded at 0.62 individuals within 100 sq.km (39 sq.mi).

Read More: Siberian Tiger Facts For Kids

What Do South China Tigers Eat

(What Do Tigers Eat)

These cats prey on greater ungulates such as wild pig, with occasionally killing of other species including Gray langur, muntjac, and hog deer. They also consume small animals like hares, rabbits, mice, porcupines, and peafowl. Extensive human encroachment and habitat destruction have made the domestic livestock more prone to these cats. In the previous South China range, tigers rely on muntjac, serow, wild pig, tufted deer, and sambar for their daily consumption.

What Do Bali Tigers Eat

(What Do Tigers Eat)

These tigers are known to prey on mammals that are available within their vicinity. The most frequent food sources are red junglefowl, wild boar, monitor lizards, rusa deer, Indian muntjac, monkeys, and banteng. They have no significant predators except humans.

What Do Caspian Tigers Eat

These tigers have become extinct and a less data is available for its home ranges. They were forced to stalk their prey commonly and go after ungulates from one pasture to another. Caspian tigers had predominantly preyed on cervids and wild pigs. Some other species such roe deer and Bactrian deer also forms an essential part of their diet.

They had preyed on jungle cats, locusts, goitered gazelle, jackals, and other small animals in some part of Middle Asia. Some other food sources included Mongolian Wild Ass, mountain sheep, wild horses, saiga, moose, and Manchurian wapiti. They fancied drinking water from lakes in season when water was less brackish.

What Do Indochinese Tigers Eat

(What Do Tigers Eat)

Indochinese tigers primarily prey on medium-sized prey and greater ungulates. Some of the food sources include wild pigs, bovids, sambar deer, serow, young gaur, and banteng. They also prey on wild water buffalo, Eld’s Deer, kouprey, Schomburgk’s Deer, and hog deer. The smaller species also become an essential part of their diet such as hog badgers, macaques, muntjac deer, and porcupines.

What Do Sumatran Tigers Eat

These cats are known to prey on larger ungulates such as Malayan Tapir, wild pig, deer, fowl, fish, Orangutans, and monkeys. They also prey on mice, hares and other small mammals.

Read More: Sumatran Tiger Facts

What Do Malayan Tigers Eat

(What Do Tigers Eat)

These types of cats prey Bornean bearded pigs, serow, Sambar deer, wild boar, and barking deer. Other food sources include sun bear, elephant calves, and Taman Negara. Some of the primary preys are tapir and gaur.

What Did Saber-tooth Tigers Eat

According to researchers, saber tooth tigers primarily relied on medium sized mammals. In the prehistoric times, saber-tooth tigers fed on horses. Scientists base their opinions while experimenting on two saber-tooth cats—one of which is almost the size of a leopard whereas the other seems like a bear dog. They took dental records which are deemed to be 9 million years ago. Those saber-tooths which were the size of a leopard feasted on ancient horses, bear dog predominantly fed on astroportax (almost the size of a buffalo). From their primary preys, we are forced to presume that saber-tooth tigers had never been in confrontation with their competitors. They didn’t like to compete.

Read More: Saber-tooth Tiger Facts For Kids

More Tiger Facts for Kids

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