Sumatran tiger facts highlight some of essential insights about this animal. The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is a native to the Island of Sumatra and Indonesia. The population of Sumatran tiger is on the decline. The IUCN has listed as critically endangered species. The projected population consists of 441 – 679 individuals.
Sumatran Tiger Facts
- Sumatran tigers are shed by a dark colored fur along with the stripes that run across its body.
- Males weigh about 100 – 140 kilograms (220 – 310 lb), and the length measuring 220 – 225 cm (87 – 89 inches).
- Sumatran tiger males has 295 – 335 mm (11.6 – 13.2) long skull.
- The weight of the females is 75 – 110 kg (170 – 240 lb), along with their length of about 215 – 230 cm (85 – 91 inches). They have a skull of about 263 – 294 mm (10.4 – 11.6 inches).
See also: Tiger Facts For Kids
Where Do Sumatran Tigers Live | Sumatran Tigers Habitat and Range
- Sumatran tigers occupy the lowland and mountain forests of Indonesia. There are less than 500 individuals surviving in the wild. More than 90 tigers are still living in an unprotected area that might give rise to their further extinction.
- In Sumatra the Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP) is home to the largest concentration of Sumatran tigers.
What Do Sumatran Tigers Eat | Sumatran Tigers Diet
Sumatran tigers are not as big as Siberian or Bengal tigers. They are most likely to hunt small animals such as fish, monkeys, and fowls. Despite the fact they also feed on wild pig, spotted deer, Malayan Tapir and Orangutans. Though occasionally, sumatran tigers are also kill mice or rats.
- They have no fixed breeding month even though in winter or spring they are normally expected to breed.
- Sumatran tigers reach maturity at 3 – 4 years of age.
- The gestation period lasts about 103 days.
- Females normally litter 2 – 3 cubs but it can be as many as 3 to 6 cubs.
- These blind cubs weigh about 3 pounds. They begin to see after 10 days. Cubs rely on their mother’s milk in the first 2 months. Breast feeding continues for a period of about 150 – 180 days. These juveniles begin to move around after 50 – 60 days even though they are still dependent on their parents. When they reach 18 months, they are able to hunt on their own and after 2 years of age cubs become independent.
- The average lifespan of Sumatran tigers is about 15 years and 20 years in the wild and in captivity altogether.
Sumatran Tiger Endangered
- Habitat destruction and deforestation are few of the widespread causes of the reduced population of Sumatran tigers. Despite the fact that many tigers have been kept under captivity by conservation societies in their national parks, still there are few that are susceptible to these threats.
- Sumatran tigers are the strong territorial animals in that they don’t often allow other males to enter into their territory and start moving around. Sumatran tigers are thought to forage at the twilight hour or at night. Besides, these types of tigers also travel almost 20 miles in one night.
- They are sit-and-wait predators. Tigers do not make their presence feel to their victims. Like other tigers, Sumatran tigers can also swim which is why they are usually found in the swamps, streams or freshwater lakes.